Low blood pressure is also called hypotension, a condition where the flow of blood to a person’s organs is inadequate, leading to insufficient supply of oxygen and nutrients. In extreme circumstances, when blood pressure goes too low, the victim my lose consciousness. Normal blood pressure often ranges within the average of 120/80 mm Hg but when this value comes below 90/60 mm Hg, one is said to have low blood pressure. There are various conditions which cause low blood pressure, ranging from hormonal changes and medical conditions to eating habits and some medications as outlined below:
Dehydration means the body is losing more water than what is coming in. Dehydration is very common in patients who suffer prolonged nausea, excessive diarrhea, vomiting and exercises which take a lot of blood from the organs to the muscles. There are other minor causes of dehydration such as sweating, fever and exhaustion due to excessive heat. Dehydration has a direct link to low blood pressure, especially if it is severe. This kind of hypotension is defined by feelings of dizziness and the patient fainting if they try to stand. Spiritual teachings, nutritional gatherings and education seminars have all insisted on the need to take in enough water each day on order to prevent such health hazards.
Both moderate and severe bleeding are very dangerous because they drain excessive blood from the body, leaving an individual with low blood pressure. Causes of bleeding include surgical complications as well as trauma and when it is too severe, instant shock and death may occur rapidly alongside low blood pressure.
A Slow Heart Rate
When the heart rate slows down, it means that the amount of blood being pumped reduces drastically and this is the ultimate cause of low blood pressure. This may be caused by various conditions such as drug intoxication. Some of the drugs used to treat conditions like high blood pressure may intoxicate the heart and lead to low blood pressure.
Some illnesses impair functions of the heart, which means it cannot fully execute its duties. Infections such as heart attack may cause low blood pressure because the heart ultimately fails to pump blood to all the essential organs in the body.
Some hormones are very essential in the body and once their production is affected, low blood pressure is the result. Some diseases such as diabetes destroy the adrenal glands which produce hormones to control blood pressure.
Poor Eating Habits
If one takes a diet lacking vitamin B12 in the right amounts, there is a possibility that the body will fail to produce adequate red blood cells. Anaemia has already been termed as one of the leading cause of low blood pressure, which means that a poor eating habit makes a direct contribution towards low blood pressure.
When there are no physical symptoms or signs of organ damage due to low blood pressure, there is no need for treatment. After ascertaining the cause of low blood pressure, a medical professional may recommend one or more of the following remedies targeting the root cause:
Dehydration is treated using fluids. If it is mild, you may be asked to take sufficient fluids. If it was severer, however, you may be admitted and in this case you are given fluids through the intravenous route.
In case of bleeding, one can undergo blood transfusion or a prescription of fluids to help regain the lost blood. However, sever bleeding has to be stopped immediately and the blood pressure will normalize with time.
If medications were the cause of low blood pressure, the doctor may be forced to change, adjust or even stop them in totality depending on the effect that they have on your levels of blood pressure.
Salt is a natural commodity which is known to increase blood pressure. Adding larger amounts of sea salt to food can significantly increase blood pressure in people who experience lower readings.
Licorice root is also a popular home remedy which can normalize blood pressure especially if it was caused by lower levels of cortisol. It is a natural herb which is either powdered or dried and is used to prepare tea which you can actually take each day until the blood pressure normalizes.
Raw beetroot juice has also been listed as another natural remedy for hypotension. A cup of this raw juice twice each day for a period of one week will go a long way in normalizing low blood pressure.
In summary, blood pressure varies with time, location, age and other conditions within the body and the environment. A sudden drop in pressure could be fatal; a reason why you should check it regularly and take appropriate measures if there is something to worry about.